Specific areas of learning: understanding the EYFS

16th November 2015


Specific areas of learning

The four specific areas in the EYFS are –Literacy, Mathematics, Understanding the world and Expressive arts and design. These areas are fundamental in a child’s life although not as much of a priority as the prime areas for 0-3 years. These areas are essential in order to fully build the prime areas and be successful in the community. They also help to achieve long term confidence and participate in the wider world. The specific areas must be gradually built upon and develop alongside the prime areas in order to support all development and learning. Below details what the specific areas are and how we can achieve them.

Literacy development involves encouraging
children to link sounds and letters and to
begin to read and write. Children must be
given access to a wide range of reading
materials (books, poems, and other written
materials) to ignite their interest.

Mathematics involves providing children with
pportunities to develop and improve their skills
counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating
simple addition and subtraction problems; and describe
shapes, spaces, and measures.

Understanding the world involves guiding children
to make sense of their physical world and their
community through opportunities to explore, observe
and find out about people, places, technology and
the environment.

Expressive arts and design involves enabling children to
explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as
well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing
their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities
in art, music, movement, dance, role-play, and design and

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